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Immenstadt, Germany

Where is Immenstadt?

Immenstadt is a medium-sized town in the Upper Allgäu region of southern Germany.

A former 'Residenzstadt' (meaning it was once the seat of local rulers) it has an attractive historic centre, as well as the Grosse Alpsee lake within easy reach.

It is located on the German Alpine Road route between Lindau and Oberammergau and makes a good stopping point after the mountain roads and scenery of the hills near the Nagelflüh range.

Town centre of Immenstadt Germany
Town centre of Immenstadt

How to get to Immenstadt

Closest airport to Immenstadt

The smaller airports at Memmingen and Friedrichshafen are the closest destinations for those arriving by air.

Distance to Memmingen (Allgäu) Airport: 68km
Distance to Friedrichshafen (Bodensee) Airport: 68km
Distance to Innsbruck Airport: 156km
Distance to Munich Airport: 181km

However both Allgäu Airport and Bodensee Airport have a limited number of national and international flights. While Innsbruck is closer than Munich, the wider choice of scheduled flights and destinations and the better public transport and road connections may make it a more sensible choice.

Train station in Immenstadt

Immenstadt is a rail junction with good connections to the towns of Lindau, Munich, Augsburg and Ulm. The train station is a short walk to the south of the centre of town.

Where to stay in Immenstadt

Immenstadt is a compact town with the historic centre made up of tight streets clustered north of the railway station. The Alpsee lake is just outside the town to the west.

Map of Immenstadt accommodation

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Check accommodation availability in Immenstadt

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History of Immenstadt

Immenstadt is first mentioned as a settlement in the Middle Ages, although it is likely that there were earlier inhabitants and traders in this strategically important area.

The area was once under the control of the rulers who controlled Castle Rothenfels (now ruins nearby). Ownerships swapped back and forth between competing powers before Immenstadt was given its town charter in the 14th century.

The former town palace in Immenstadt
The former town palace in Immenstadt

The town became prosperous because it lay on the salt trading route between the Austrian Tyrol and Lake Constance as well as dealing in linen products.

Like many other towns in Bavaria it was badly affected by the religious wars through the centuries and by bouts of the plague and other diseases - at one time it had lost 7 out of 10 of its population.

The 'Residence' in 'Residenzstadt' refers to the town being the seat of the Counts of Königsegg-Rothenfels - an independent micro-state within the Holy Roman Empire. The town palace (or 'castle') in the photograph above dates from this time (the 17th century) although it was extended over the years.

The end of Immenstadt's semi-independence came with Napoleon and the treaties once he was defeated - it was transferred to Bavaria after a short time in the hands of Austria.

Two major fires in the 19th century changed the face of the town centre and the connection of the town to the rail network encouraged industrial development.

The town has grown to just over 14,000 inhabitants and lives from a prosperous mix of light industry, transport connections and outdoors and historic tourism.

Immenstadt tourist office

The town tourist office is located in an office in an arcade near the town centre. There is another out at the Grosse Alpsee lake (which has more to do with the surrounding mountain countryside). It offers a booklet with a walking tour around the main sights in the town centre: